Clean water for drinking and agriculture is something that many rarely think about, but creating this water is a scientific and engineering feat. Today, the United States and other countries have more or less perfected the disinfection of water systems, but there is always more to explore in this matter. What is the disinfection of water systems, and what more is there to learn about it?
What’s the Goal?
According to the National Institute of Health, the goal of the disinfection of water systems is to eliminate pathogens that produce waterborne illnesses. Bacteria that dwell in H2O thrives, multiplies, and can cause great fatalities. Therefore, finding an effective way to stop these bacteria from multiplying and kill them off is necessary for creating clean water. However, this does not mean that all living organisms are exterminated from the water. That would be called sterilization, which is nearly impossible to deliver to the public user. Even so, the amount of microbes that still exist after disinfection is very small and ineffective at producing harmful pathogens.
Determining the Best Disinfection Method
What qualifies as an excellent disinfection method? There are at least five qualifying factors:
- How well can it kill off bacteria, protozoa, pathogens, helminths, and other pathogens
- How well the disinfectant can be monitored and controlled
- Can it produce a residual that safeguards against contamination after treatment
- Does the drinking water look and taste good
- Are the technology and tools available for the given population
Chlorination as Disinfection
The disinfection of water systems can involve different chemicals, but chlorine is still the most popular. Different countries have used chlorine as a disinfectant for different purposes for hundreds of years. The United States has used chlorine to disinfect water systems for over 60 years. It is tried and true, so much so that waterborne illnesses are virtually a thing of the past in the United States. While chlorinated water does not seem to have any harmful effects on people, it could produce halogenated hydrocarbons, which are toxic. Therefore, alternative disinfectants are under study, without denying that chlorinated water is still safe.
Other Disinfection Options
Other options used in the disinfection of water systems include ozone, chloramine, ultraviolet light, and chlorine dioxide. For more information on the disinfection and chlorination of water systems, contact Jet Blast Inc.!
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